Turkish Journal of
Endocrinology and Metabolism

Owner on behalf of the Society of Endocrinology and Metabolism of Turkey
Ayşegül Atmaca
Ondokuz Mayıs University Faculty Of Medicine, Samsun

Editor-in Chief
Nilgün Başkal
Ankara University Faculty of Medicine Retired Lecturer, Ankara, Turkey

Deputy Editor
Murat Faik Erdoğan
Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Associate Editors
Hasan Ali Altunbaş
Antalya, Turkey

Dilek Gogas Yavuz
Marmara University Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Neslihan Başçıl Tütüncü
Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey 

Honorary Board
Sema Akalın
Marmara University Faculty of Medicine Retired Lecturer, İstanbul, Turkey

Metin Arslan
Gazi University Faculty of Medicine Retired Lecturer, Ankara, Turkey

Gürbüz Erdoğan
Ufuk University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Olcay Gedik
Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine Retired Lecturer, Ankara, Turkey

Sadi Güngoğdu
Istanbul University Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine Retired Lecturer, İstanbul, Turkey

Hüsrev Hatemi
İstanbul, Turkey

Şazi İmamoğlu
Uludağ University Faculty of Medicine Retired Lecturer, Bursa, Turkey

Senay Molvalılar
İstanbul, Turkey

Candeğer Yılmaz
Ege University Faculty of Medicine Retired Lecturer, İzmir, Turkey 

Statistical Consultant 
Atilla Halil Elhan
Ankara, Turkey

Levent Dönmez
Antalya, Turkey

Derya Öztuna
Ankara, Turkey

Can Ateş
Van, Turkey 

​Language Editor
Jennifer Gabriel
California, USA

Editorial Board
Ersin Akarsu
Gaziantep University Faculty of Medicine, Gaziantep, Turkey

Müjde Aktürk
Gazi University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Faruk Alagöl
Koç University Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Maria Alevizaki
Athens University School of Medicine,Athens, Greece

İnan Anaforoğlu
Medical Park International Trabzon Hospital, Trabzon, Turkey

Yalçın Aral
Bozok University Institute of Health Sciences, Yozgat, Turkey

Ayşegül Atmaca
Ondokuz Mayıs University Faculty of Medicine, Samsun, Turkey

Göksun Ayvaz
Liv Hospital, Ankara, Turkey

Ömer Azal
Gulhane Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey

Mustafa Kemal Balcı
Akdeniz University Faculty of Medicine, Antalya, Turkey

J Paul Banga
University of Duisburg-Essen Faculty of Medicine, Germany

David Baylink
Loma Linda University, California, USA

Fahri Bayram
Erciyes University Faculty of Medicine, Kayseri, Turkey

Jens Bollerslev
Oslo University Hospital, Norway

Erol Bolu
Memorial Atasehir Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey

Steen Joop Bonnema
Odense University Hospital, Denmark

Bekir Çakır
Yıldırım Beyazıt University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Mehtap Çakır
Kent Hospital, İzmir, Turkey

Berrin Çetinarslan
Kocaeli University Faculty of Medicine, Kocaeli, Turkey

Ahmet Çorakçı
Ufuk University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Abdurrahman Çömlekci
Dokuz Eylül University Faculty of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey

Selçuk Dağdelen
Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Hatice Sebila Dökmetaş
Istanbul Medipol University Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Leonidas H Duntas
Evgenideion Hospital, University of Athens, Greece

Belgin Efe
Eskişehir Osmangazi University Faculty of Medicine, Eskişehir, Turkey

Sevinç Eraslan
Dokuz Eylul University Faculty of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey

Tomris Erbaş
Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Mehmet Erdoğan
Ege University Faculty of Medicine İzmir, Turkey

Eda Ertörer
Başkent University Adana Dr. Turgut Noyan Hospital, Adana, Turkey

John W. Funder
Monash University, Victoria, Australia

Hossein Gharib
Mayo Clinic, Minnesota, USA

Sait Gönen
İstanbul University Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Nilgün Güvener
Okan University Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey


Serdar Güler
Liv Hospital, Ankara, Turkey

Sevim Güllü
Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Zeliha Hekimsoy
Celal Bayar University Faculty of Medicine, Manisa, Turkey

Larry Jameson
Perelman School of Medicine Univ. Of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Usa

Pınar Kadıoğlu
İstanbul University Cerrahpasa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Ahmet Kaya
Selcuk University Meram Faculty of Medicine, Konya, Turkey

Fahrettin Keleştimur
Health Institutes of Turkey, Ankara, Turkey

Mustafa Kutlu
Gulhane Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey

Pierre J. Lefebvre
University of  Liege Faculty of Medicine, Liege, Belgium

Connie Newman
NYU School of Medicine, New York, USA

Tae Sun Park
Chonbuk National University Medical School, Jeonju, Korea

Andreas F. H. Pfeiffer
Charité Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Germany

Gilles Russ
Pr Leenhardt La Pitie Salpetriere Hospital, France

İlhan Satman
İstanbul University İstanbul Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Füsun Saygılı
Ege University Faculty of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey

Alper Sönmez
Gulhane Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey

Tümay Sözen
Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

İbrahim Şahin
İnönü University Faculty of Medicine, Malatya, Turkey

Mustafa Şahin
Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Refik Tanakol
İstanbul University İstanbul Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Ali Rıza Uysal
Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Kürşad Ünlühızarcı
Erciyes University Faculty of Medicine, Kayseri, Turkey

Ayşe Kubat Üzüm
İstanbul University İstanbul Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Irfan Vardarli
Ruhr-University, Bochum, Germany

Anthony Weetman
The University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK

Sema Yarman
İstanbul University İstanbul Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Bülent Okan Yıldız
Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Founder
İbrahim Kara
 
General Manager

Ali Şahin
 
Publishing Directors

İrem Soysal
Gökhan Çimen
  
Editor

Bahar Albayrak
 
Publications Coordinators

Arzu Arı
Deniz Kaya
Irmak Berberoğlu
Alara Ergin
Hira Gizem Fidan
Vuslat Taş
İrem Özmen

Web Coordinators
Sinem Fehime Koz
Doğan Oruç

Finance Coordinator
Elif Yıldız Çelik

TURKISH
EISSN 1308-9846